What is a colonoscopy and what is it for?

A colonoscopy is a test used to examine the condition of the large intestine and the end of the small intestine.
What is a colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a test used to examine the condition of the large intestine and the end of the small intestine. The aim can be to diagnose possible illnesses, as well as to treat certain pathologies that can be seen through the same observation, such as: haemorrhoids, polyps...
How is it performed?
A colonoscopy is performed using an apparatus called a colonoscope, which consists of a flexible tube that is inserted into the rectum through the anal sphincter. If the purpose of the procedure is diagnostic, the device simply has a camera and a light that facilitates viewing through the monitor. On the other hand, if a pathology is to be treated, instruments will be added to carry out an intervention.
When should it be done?
This test is mainly performed to rule out the possibility of colon cancer in patients who show digestive symptoms or have a fami...
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